Student success pathways are rarely linear. They are filled with twists and turns, forks in the road, dead-ends, and any other commuting metaphors you can think of. However, by checking in with students at key moments in their higher ed journey, we can increase the likelihood of their success.
Identifying Engagement Touch Points
The first step to constructing a student-success roadmap is identifying the key moments in a student’s academic life where the institution should engage. To help make this process easier, we've broken down the student life-cycle into these 4 sections:
Orientation: from acceptance to add-drop
First Year: remainder of first year including first summer
Second and Third Year
Fourth Year and Beyond: last year of program, leading into graduation/post-graduation
Once divided into more manageable time-frames, we may begin to determine what types of engagements would most benefit a student, and at what time. For example, the enrolment department sending a welcome message in June during the orientation period would constitute as a key touch point.
"Critical" vs "Optional" Touch-points
One you’ve determined all of the engagements you think would benefit a student during orientation, first year, etc., it is important to determine which touch points are “critical” versus those that are “optional.” Our welcome email, for example, would be classified as a “critical” touch-point, since it is the first real communication that a student will have with the institution and will begin the process of integrating them into the campus community.
An example of an “optional” touch-point during orientation might be an invitation to a free outdoor concert on the quad. While this is a great way to get students participating in campus-life, they wouldn’t suffer academically if they did not attend this event.
"Proactive" vs "Reactive" Engagements
The final step to the mapping process is determining whether or not an engagement is "proactive" or "reactive." For clarity, we propose the following definitions:
Proactive engagements: Any engagement that promotes student success.
Reactive engagements: Any intervention that is a response to a specific trigger or event.
Going back to our orientation welcome email example, because it acts to encourage student success without any specific prompt, it would be categorized as a "proactive" engagement. An example of a "reactive" engagement might be an invitation to meet with an academic advisor if the institution notices a student’s grades beginning to decline.
If we were to write this out in a table, it might look something like this:
Download the worksheet here and fill in your own engagement touch points. Once you've filled out your sheet, plot your touch points on the graph provided in the document.
For added difficulty, insert instances where interventions might be needed, such as "student failed a class" or "mental health crisis." When you're finished, your student success pathway might look something like this:
To learn more about helping track and assess student success on your campus, schedule a consult with a student success specialist here.